As a result of increasing projects, here is a little how to with the summary of my previous articles. The main points are:
- Azure AD Seamless Single Sign-On (PTA / PHS)
- SAML Authentication (Azure AD as IdP & Citrix Gateway as SP)
- Citrix Federated Authentication Service (FAS)
- Microsoft Azure Multi-Factor-Authentication with Conditional Access
Continue reading “SAML Authentication between Citrix & Microsoft with Azure MFA”
- Fully working Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktop Environment (StoreFront & DDC Minimum Version 7.9)
- Citrix ADC with successful base configuration & activated Enterprise or Platinum license (Minimum Version 12.1 Build 50+ for native workspace app, for browser Minimum Version 11.1)
- Configured Unified Gateway vServer
- Internal and external DNS entries for Unified Gateway vServer (e.g. citrix.deyda.net)
- Certificates for DNS entries (wildcard certificates are the easiest)
- Existing Azure Tenant with Azure-AD base configuration (Domain, AAD Sync) & activated Azure AD Premium license
- AD Connect version installed and configured (Minimum Version 1.1.644.0)
- Firewall release for *.msappproxy.net on port 443
- Domain administrator credentials for the domains that connected to Azure AD via AD Connect
- Installed Authenticator App on Test User Mobile Phone
For quite some time (Beginning of 2017) it is now possible to solve SSO scenarios with Azure even without ADFS infrastructure. However, it is only recently that companies has started to not insist on ADFS. Now one may finally also point out the alternative solutions of Microsoft.
The possible scenarios for Seamless SSO are:
- Pass-through authentication (PTA)
- Password Hash Sync (PHS)
Pass-through authentication (PTA)
- No automatic detection of leaked login data
- Azure AD DS requires enabled Password Hash Synchronization feature in tenant to work
- Is not part of Azure AD Connect Health
Password Hash Sync (PHS)
Continue reading “Activation of Azure AD Seamless Single Sign-On”
- Password is synchronized to the cloud (as hash value)
Since Citrix XenApp / XenDesktop 7.9 the Federated Authentication Service (FAS) is available. Via Citrix FAS it is possible to authenticate a user via SAML and thus connect Citrix as a service provider to existing identity providers, such as Azure-AD.
Sequence of SAML authentication
Continue reading “SAML Authentication with Azure AD as IdP and Citrix as SP”
- The user browse the FQDN (e.g. citrix.deyda.net) of the Citrix Gateway vServer (Service Provider) to start his VA / VD resources
- The Citrix Gateway vServer directs the unauthenticated user directly to the Identity Provider (Azure-AD) to authenticate itself (saml: authnRequest)
- The Identity Provider points to its SingleSignOnService URL (e.g. login.microsoftonline.com) and the user must authenticate
- The user enters his AD credentials and these are checked by the Identity Provider against the user database
- Upon successful verification in the user database, the IdP is informed
- The IdP issues a token (SAML assertion) and sends it to the Citrix Gateway (saml: response)
- Citrix Gateway checks the token (assertion signature) and extracts the UPN from the assertion token. This allows access via SSO to the VA / VD farm via FAS (The SP does not have access to the user’s credentials)
To complete my previous article, I also directly implemented and tested Microsoft Azure MFA Cloud Service in my test lab. In this post I go straight to the ToDo’s for implementation. For more information on MFA and the differences between Local and Cloud, please read my previous post.
It is important that all my information has the status of March 2019 and since it is the cloud, it will soon be obsolete again.
Continue reading “Microsoft Azure MFA Cloud Service in Citrix ADC”
As of July 1, 2019, Microsoft will no longer offer MFA Server for new deployments. New customers who would like to require multi-factor authentication from their users should use cloud-based Azure Multi-Factor Authentication. Existing customers who have activated MFA Server prior to July 1 will be able to download the latest version, future updates and generate activation credentials as usual.https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=55849
During one of my current projects, I launched a PoC for two-factor authentication based on Microsoft Azure MFA. Azure multi-factor authentication requires users to verify and confirm their signups using a mobile app, phone call, or text message. You can use it with Azure AD or the local AD.
It is important that all my information has the status of March 2019 and because it is the cloud, quite quickly become obsolete again.
The safety of the two-stage check is at level approach. The multiple authentication factors poses a major challenge for attackers. Even if an attacker can find out the user’s password, this is useless unless he or she is also proficient in the additional authentication method. This works by requesting at least two of the following authentication methods:
Continue reading “Microsoft Azure MFA Server in Citrix ADC”
- Something you know (usually a password)
- Something you have (a familiar device that can not be easily duplicated, like a phone)
- Something that you are (biometrically)