On one of my recent deployments, I needed to set up external access using NetScaler to an internally hosted web application (Grafana).
Grafana is a cross-platform open source application for graphical representation of data from various data sources such as InfluxDB, MySQL, PostgreeSQL, Prometheus and Graphite.
The challenge here was that the customer wanted to pre-install authentication on the NetScaler, but the users were only known to the web application itself.
The question that therefore came to me was:
How can I check the user of the web application if only the web application itself has access to the user data?
I had only used standards like LDAP, RADIUS, CERT, SAML etc. for user authentication on NetScaler, but these were not useful here because the target system should not be changed.
Continue reading “Web Authentication Action in NetScaler”
Extension of the existing article with further troubleshooting cases.
As a result of increasing projects, here is a little how-to with the summary of my previous articles. The main points are:
- Azure AD Seamless Single Sign-On (PTA / PHS)
- SAML Authentication (Azure AD as IdP & Citrix Gateway as SP)
- Citrix Federated Authentication Service (FAS)
- Microsoft Azure Multi-Factor-Authentication with Conditional Access
Continue reading “SAML Authentication between Citrix & Microsoft with Azure MFA”
- Fully working Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktop Environment (StoreFront & DDC Minimum Version 7.9)
- Citrix ADC with successful base configuration & activated Enterprise or Platinum license (Minimum Version 12.1 Build 50+ for native workspace app, for browser Minimum Version 11.1)
- Configured Unified Gateway vServer
- Internal and external DNS entries for Unified Gateway vServer (e.g. citrix.deyda.net)
- Certificates for DNS entries (wildcard certificates are the easiest)
- Existing Azure Tenant with Azure-AD base configuration (Domain, AAD Sync) & activated Azure AD Premium license
- AD Connect version installed and configured (Minimum Version 1.1.644.0)
- Firewall release for *.msappproxy.net on port 443
- Domain administrator credentials for the domains that connected to Azure AD via AD Connect
- Installed Authenticator App on Test User Mobile Phone
The following is a collection of basic information about Citrix ADC. From licensing, to the most important commands, to the update procedures that can be performed.
Here is some basic information about Citrix ADC.
Operating System and Architecture
Citrix ADC is based on the open source operating system FreeBSD. Unlike the very similar Linux, FreeBSD has a modular kernel and Citrix has taken advantage of this to modify FreeBSD’s Bash shell by removing the networking subsystem and replacing it with its own. The modifications were placed in a custom kernel module called NetScaler Core Packet Processing Engine (PPE).
Continue reading “Citrix ADC 101 – Fundamentals”
The scheduled update (ADV190023), regarding LDAP Signing and Channel Binding for new and existing domain controllers, scheduled for March 10, 2020, has been postponed to the second half of calendar year 2020. The March 2020 update will only provide additional auditing capabilities to identify and configure LDAP systems before they become inaccessible with the later update.
The later update results in no more connections to the domain controller, via unsigned / Clear Text LDAP on port 389. Then it is only possible to use either LDAPS via port 636 or Signed LDAP (StartTLS) on port 389.
Continue reading “ADV190023 – Enable LDAPS in Windows DC and Citrix ADC”
Citrix has released a critical vulnerability warning (CVE-2019-19781) in all Citrix ADC & Gateway systems one week before Christmas. Several working exploits have been released since Jan. 10, 2020 and are available to everyone.
Important ! The fix from Citrix with the Responder Policy does not work on systems with version 188.8.131.52/51.19, 50.31 and older. If this version is in use, please update to the latest 12.1 version.
The exploits allow remote code to be executed anonymously, allowing unauthenticated attackers to take over the various machines with root privileges.
Continue reading “Checklist for Citrix ADC CVE-2019-19781”